Down is very easy to care for. Throw the down comforter in the washing machine to clean with a specially formulated down cleaner that will freshen while it cleans. The cleaner is non-toxic and biodegradable so that it will not cause damage to you or your comforter. It is also a good idea to fluff your comforter at the same time as drying. This can be done with fluffers, see-through rubber rings that use heat to fluff. Comforter - Sleep in luxurious comfort with down alternative (hypoallergenic) white comforter. End to end box stitching looks great and keeps the fiber in place for even distribution. A good quality alternative down comforter will provide lightweight warmth and be allergy free. Although when most people say they are allergic to down comforters, they are actually allergic to the dust and dirt from an improperly cleaned down comforter. Regardless of preference a down alternative comforter will do the trick. To ensure its long life, a down alternative comforter should be used with a duvet cover. Not only will this protect the down from dirt and impurities, it will allow you to introduce change, color and style into your bedroom. Duvets can be used to cover any blanket or comforter. It's like a big pillowcase to protect and decorate your comforter. Down alternative products are packed tightly during shipping. Upon receipt, remove them from their packaging, fluff gently, and allow several hours to recover their full loft. In addition, being sealed in plastic packaging sometimes causes the scent of these products to concentrate to a disagreeable level. A few hours of airing usually removes the odor.
HOW TO CHOOSE A DOWN COMFORTER
Not all down comforters are the same. Here are the different variables for down comforters explained in simple terms to help you choose the perfect down comforter for you, your family, and friends.
Fill Power = the space one ounce of down occupies in cubic inches.
800+ = superb quality comforters, but expensive
700+ = excellent quality comforters
600+ = good quality comforters How are Comforters Fill Power Tested?
One ounce of down is placed in a cylinder and stirred. The loft is measured in cubic inches. The sample is compressed. The down is left alone to "rest" for 24 hours. After the resting period, the down is re-measured. The down remains undisturbed and should regain its original loft within 72 hours.
(a). An Oxygen test determines the amount of organic matter left in the material being tested. The industry acceptable standard is 10. Better products have lower numbers than that.
(b). Turbidity tests. Turbidity is a measure of suspended solids, dust, dirt etc suspended in the comforter's material. The scale goes from about 60 (unwashed feathers) to 550 best.
Average Bedroom Temperatures and Comforter Weight Recommended:
70+ ° F Summer Fill - light weight (Southern)
55-70° F Year Round Fill - medium weight (Classic)
Below 55° F Winter Fill - heavier weight (Arctic)
Please note that in some comforters labeled "pure down" or 100% down are not pure, as some feathers remain in the fill. As long as the comforter is 75% down it can be labeled 100% in many states!
TYPES OF WOOL
Merino Wool --
BAMBOO BEDDING AND TOWELS
Bamboo fiber is 100% made from bamboo through a high-tech process. The raw material bamboo is selected from non-polluted areas in Asia. The whole distilling and production process produces natural and eco-friendly fiber without any chemical additives. Bamboo fiber is also a unique biodegradable textile material. As a natural cellulose fiber it can be 100% biodegraded in soil by microorganisms and sunshine. It is a common fact that bamboo can thrive naturally without using pesticide. Scientists have found that bamboo owns a unique anti-bacteria and bacteriostatic bio-agent. This substance is combined with bamboo cellulose during the process of being manufactured into bamboo fiber resulting in a naturally antibacterial fabric. This antibacterial property means fabrics stay fresh and keeps away odor causing bacteria. It is proven that wash after wash, bamboo fiber fabric still possesses excellent function of anti-bacteria. Bamboo fiber’s natural anti-bacteria does not cause skin allergy as can sometimes happen with chemical antimicrobial. Another benefit of bamboo fiber is its unusual ability to breathe and ventilate. A cross-section of the bamboo fiber will show that it is filled with various micro-gaps and micro-holes, giving excellent moisture absorption and ventilation. With this unparalleled micro-structure, bamboo fiber fabrics can absorb and evaporate moisture in a split second, making people feel extremely cool and comfortable in the hot summer. Bamboo fabrics are made from pure bamboo fiber yarns which have excellent wet permeability, moisture vapor transmission property, superior strength and durability over time, soft and comfortable hand, better drape, easy dying, and splendid colors. It is a newly founded, great prospective green fabric. Bamboo fiber is praised as "the natural, green and an eco-friendly new-type textile material of the 21st century".
In a twill weave, each weft or filling yarn floats across the warp yarns in a progression of interlacing to the right or left, forming a distinct diagonal line. This diagonal line is also known as a wale. A float is the portion of a yarn that crosses over two or more yarns from the opposite direction. A twill weave requires three or more harnesses, depending on its complexity. Twill weave is often designated as a fraction—such as 2/1—in which the numerator indicates the number of harnesses that are raised (and, thus, threads crossed), in this example, two, and the denominator indicates the number of harnesses that are lowered when a filling yarn is inserted, in this example one. The fraction 2/1 would be read as "two up, one down." The minimum number of harnesses needed to produce a twill can be determined by totaling the numbers in the fraction. For the example described, the number of harnesses is three. (The fraction for plain weave is 1/1.)
About Egyptian Cotton
Through out the past two centuries, Egyptian cotton has prevailed as one of Egypt's biggest competitive advantages. With an established reputation of being the "best" cotton in the world, its softness, strength and superior characteristics, have positioned products made of Egyptian cotton as the worlds finest.
Percale stands for the weaving process in which the fabric is woven by. In percale the yarns are woven in one over one, unlike Sateen where it’s four over one. The one over one (percale) weave create a much even, stronger, denser & softer fabric, which can stand the test of time and gets better and better feel the more you wash it. It’s just like your favorite old shirt, the more it’s laundered the softer and durable it gets.
Superior single pick insertion of 300 Thread count Percale make this better than a 600 Thread count with 4 pick insertions as most of the T600 are. Insertions means when weaving the fabric, you have the vertical yarns being inserted or hemmed by the horizontal yarns. If the horizontal hemming yarns are being done with 1 yarn at time , it’s called single pick insertion, if it’s using 4 yarns, it’s called 4 pick insertion. The higher the number of insertions the faster the weave and the less quality fabric gets. Have you ever wondered why your old 200 or 300 thread count feels better than your new 600 Thread count sheets? The reason is simply because new high thread count sheets are being woven with a higher and higher insertion to save money. This is not the same thing as 2-ply sheets. The 2 or 3 ply sheets refer to the yarn being used in weaving and not how it’s being woven.
Finally, this superior weave, woven in the best authentic way is done using the best cotton in the world. Egyptian cotton, it’s not just cotton grown in Egypt - it is a particular type of long-staple cotton originally grown along the Nile. Egyptian cotton has the longest fibers. That is, when you pull the cotton from the cotton plant and remove the seeds and waxes, Egyptian cotton has longer fibers available for spinning into yarn than other cottons. When intertwining strands of yarn to make a larger product, long-staple cotton has fewer connection points, and therefore a greater percentage of area is the natural softness of the cotton.
History credits the Chinese Empress Hsi-Ling-Shi, The Goddess of Silk, with the discovery of silk and its potential in the 27th century BC. Since then, and for thousands of years, the processing of silk filaments and weaving silk fabrics was a closely held secret known only to the Chinese. Although silk production has spread throughout the Far East and Europe, Chinese silk produced by the Bombyx mori (a specialized silk producing worm) is smoother, finer, and rounder than other silks and to this day – the most coveted.
Processing Silk --- Producing the world’s finest silk is a lengthy process demanding close attention to exacting conditions and times. For example, specific temperatures that are gradually increased are essential for silkworms to hatch. In addition, the only food source for silk worms is handpicked and chopped mulberry leaves. If fact, silk is so important to China’s economy, and mulberry leaves so essential to the production, that farming the mulberry bush is, itself, a very large and essential industry.
Silkworms feed so voraciously on mulberry leaves that it will increase its weight by 10,000 times within a month prior to beginning the cocoon stage. To create its protective cocoon, the worms produce a protein based, jelly-like substance from silk glands – a silk filament, which hardens upon contact with the air. The cocoon process requires about eight days for completing.
The silk filament, which can reach lengths of up to one mile, is unwound from the cocoons through the process of reeling of filature. First, the cocoons are heated in water to dissolve the outside, gummy substance. Next, the silk filament is unwound from the cocoon from one end. This single filament of one cocoon is joined and twisted with the filaments of four to eight other cocoons. Finally, these filaments are joined and twisted again with other similarly twisted filaments to make a thread. The silk thread is continuous and is comprised of very long fibers – unlike other natural fibers such as cotton or wool.
Silk Fabric -- Now as a thread, silk is woven in many different was to create fabric. For example, silk charmeuse, also referred to as silk satin is very popular, and most often recognized for its ultra-smooth feel and vibrant sheen. Silk is also woven into, jacquard, matelasse and other fabrics – each with its own unique characteristics.
Momme Weight --- You may be familiar with the term "thread count" when grading cotton fabrics as an indicator of quality. Silk is graded by a different standard - referred to in the industry as the "momme weight" system. The momme weight of silk is simply the weight, in pounds, of silk fabric measuring a standard 100 yards by 45 inches. For example, a standard measure of silk fabric weighing 2 ounces per linear yard would be a 12.5 momme weight (2/16 x 100) silk fabric. Higher momme weights indicate that more silk is used in the weaving process. Silk fabric is woven in varying momme weights based the desired look, feel, drape and use of the fabric.
Empress designs with easy care in mind. All our silk sheets are designed to be machine washable and dryable however, each fabric is unique and it might require different cleaning methods, please see each product's cae label for specific care.
Hand Wash: The preferred method is hand laundered in lukewarm water with mild detergent or soap using a gentle hand movement. Do not soak too long. Rinse in cool water and roll silk in a towel to remove excess water. Never wring water from Silk.
Machine Wash: Larger items can be machine washed. Wash in cold water with mild detergent, no bleach, set in gentle cycle. Wash silk separate from other items and do not overload wahser to avoid any unnecessary wear to the fabric. Silk dries quickly. Tumble dry on very low heat if necessary.
Dry Clean: All silk floss filling are dry clean only. This apply to Silk Comforter and other silk filled products.
Ironing: Silk has a resistance to creasing or wrinkling, most will smooth out naturally. If ironing should become necessary, press the damp silk on the reverse side with an iron set on low. Silk Charmeuse (satin) requires a cool iron to bring back the sheen.
Note: These are general care guidelines for silk. Please refer to specific care instruction on each product's care label.